Ovarian Cysts - Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments | Life Medical Centre

Ovarian Cysts: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments Explained


Welcome to another enlightening blog post brought to you by Life Medical Centre. Our commitment to your health and well-being drives us to provide you with comprehensive insights into various medical conditions. In this article, we will delve into the intricate world of ovarian cysts, unraveling their complex nature by exploring their causes, symptoms, and the array of treatments available. Ovarian cysts may seem daunting, but with our guidance, you will gain a deep understanding of this condition and how to manage it effectively.

Understanding Ovarian Cysts: 

Ovarian cysts, seemingly mysterious yet surprisingly common, are fluid-filled sacs that develop on or within the ovaries. These cysts are part and parcel of the intricate female reproductive system. While the vast majority of ovarian cysts are benign and resolve on their own, some can lead to complications, necessitating medical attention. The remarkable interplay of hormones, coupled with the intricate functioning of the ovaries, often governs the formation of these cysts.

Common Causes of Ovarian Cysts: 

The journey to comprehend ovarian cysts begins with exploring their origins. One of the primary factors contributing to their development is hormonal imbalances. These imbalances can disrupt the regular menstrual cycle, potentially leading to abnormal cyst growth. This growth can be exemplified by the formation of different types of ovarian cysts, each originating from a distinct physiological context. For instance, follicular cysts arise when a follicle within the ovary doesn't release an egg during the menstrual cycle. This follicle then enlarges and morphs into a cyst. Another intriguing example is the corpus luteum cyst, which emerges when the sac holding the egg doesn't dissolve as it should after the egg's release.

Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts: 

Ovarian cysts are notorious for their silent nature; they often exist inconspicuously, devoid of any apparent symptoms. Yet, when they do manifest symptoms, they can be a source of considerable discomfort. These symptoms can include a dull ache or sharp pain in the pelvic area, accompanied by sensations of bloating. Furthermore, intimate relations can become uncomfortable or even painful. It is crucial to recognize that if a cyst grows large or ruptures, the symptoms can escalate dramatically. This may involve severe pelvic pain and sudden, intense abdominal pain. It's important to be attuned to your body and consult a gynecologist if you experience any persistent or severe symptoms.

Risks Associated with Ovarian Cysts: 

While the majority of ovarian cysts are innocuous and pose no substantial threat, there are scenarios where complications can arise. Ovarian torsion, a potentially serious complication, occurs when a cyst leads to the twisting of an ovary. This event can result in severe pain and may even endanger the ovary itself. Additionally, cysts can rupture, leading to internal bleeding and necessitating urgent medical attention. While these scenarios are relatively rare, they underscore the importance of being vigilant about any changes in your body.

Diagnosis and Medical Evaluation: 

Navigating the realm of ovarian cysts necessitates an accurate diagnosis, typically conducted by a skilled gynecologist. This journey begins with a pelvic exam, which forms the foundation for further investigations. Imaging techniques, such as ultrasounds, play a pivotal role in visualizing the cyst and its characteristics. Moreover, blood tests can provide insights into hormone levels, potentially helping rule out conditions like ovarian cancer. Swift diagnosis is imperative; it not only guides treatment decisions but also ensures that any potentially serious conditions are addressed promptly.

Ovarian Cysts Treatment Options: 

Treatment strategies for ovarian cysts are as varied as the cysts themselves. The approach hinges on several factors, including the size of the cyst, your age, and the presence of symptoms. In numerous cases, the cyst requires no immediate intervention; nature's course prevails, and the cyst dissipates over time. Nonetheless, should the cyst induce discomfort or achieve considerable size, your healthcare provider might recommend the use of birth control pills. These pills serve the dual purpose of regulating hormonal imbalances and thwarting the formation of new cysts. However, surgical intervention remains a viable option, particularly if the cyst's size and nature warrant removal.

Managing Ovarian Cysts During Pregnancy: 

The journey of pregnancy intertwines with the complexities of ovarian cysts, introducing a distinctive set of considerations. Most cysts discovered during pregnancy belong to the category of functional cysts, typically subsiding on their own as the pregnancy progresses. Vigilance, though, is essential; closely monitoring the cyst's growth and behavior ensures that it doesn't pose any risks. Surgical intervention during pregnancy remains a rarity, usually reserved for cases in which the cyst's presence significantly endangers the well-being of the mother or the developing fetus.


The world of ovarian cysts, though enigmatic, is navigable with the right knowledge and medical support. Recognizing the symptoms and being proactive about your health is paramount. At Life Medical Centre, our dedicated team of gynecologists specializes in women's health and is equipped to provide personalized guidance tailored to your unique circumstances. Remember, your health is a treasure; do not hesitate to embark on a journey towards well-being. Book an appointment with our specialized doctors today by calling 043 44 1122 at Life Medical Centre.

In closing, your body's signals should never be ignored. Empower yourself through understanding, and remember that we are here to accompany you on your path to optimal health.