What Is a Pediatrician and What Do They Do | Life Medical Centre

What Is a Pediatrician and What Do They Do? A Comprehensive Guide


As a parent, the health and well-being of your child are of utmost importance. Choosing the right healthcare professional to care for your little one is a crucial decision. A pediatrician is a specialized doctor who plays a pivotal role in safeguarding and promoting the health of infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. In this blog, we will delve into the world of pediatricians, exploring their responsibilities, areas of expertise, and the importance of a child-centred approach to healthcare.


A pediatrician is a medical doctor who has completed specialized training in providing medical care to children and adolescents. These highly skilled professionals are equipped to handle a wide range of health issues and are trained to provide physical, mental, and emotional care for young patients.

Role of a Pediatrician

The role of a pediatrician extends beyond treating illnesses. They are advocates for children's health and well-being, focusing on preventive healthcare to ensure children grow up healthy and strong. Pediatricians monitor children's growth and development, offer guidance on nutrition and fitness, and provide vaccinations to protect against diseases.

Pediatrician’s Areas of Expertise

Pediatricians are specially trained to diagnose and treat various medical conditions affecting children. Some of the areas of expertise include:

Infectious Diseases: 

Pediatricians diagnose and manage infectious diseases that are common among children, such as chickenpox, influenza, and strep throat.

Chronic Conditions: 

They care for children with chronic health conditions like asthma, diabetes, and allergies, helping them manage their conditions effectively.

Developmental Delays: 

Pediatricians identify and address developmental delays, ensuring timely interventions for optimal growth.

Behavioral and Emotional Health: 

They assess and provide support for behavioral and emotional concerns in children, promoting mental well-being.

Primary Care: 

Pediatricians serve as primary care providers for children, delivering routine check-ups and managing day-to-day health concerns.

Adolescent Medicine: 

They cater to the unique medical needs of adolescents, addressing concerns related to puberty, mental health, and reproductive health.


Importance of a Child-Centered Approach

A child-centred approach lies at the heart of pediatric care. Pediatricians understand that children have unique medical needs and communication styles. They are skilled in creating a friendly and comfortable environment to gain a child's trust, which is essential for accurate diagnosis and treatment.

Additionally, pediatricians value building strong relationships with both children and their parents or guardians. This collaborative approach ensures that parents are actively involved in their child's healthcare journey and are well-informed about their child's health status.

When to See a Pediatrician

Knowing when to consult a pediatrician is essential for proactive healthcare management. Some common scenarios when you should seek medical advice from a pediatrician include:

Routine Check-ups: 

Regular well-child visits are crucial to monitor growth, and development, and detect any potential issues early.


Stay up-to-date with recommended vaccination schedules to protect your child from preventable diseases.

Fever and Illness: 

If your child has a fever, shows signs of illness, or experiences persistent symptoms, consulting a pediatrician is recommended.

Developmental Milestones: 

If you notice any delays in your child's physical or cognitive development, seeking professional guidance is essential.

Behavioral Changes: 

Significant changes in behavior, emotions, or social interactions may warrant a visit to a pediatrician.


For injuries, accidents, or emergency situations, seek immediate medical attention from a pediatrician or an emergency department.

Building a Relationship with a Pediatrician

Building a strong and trusting relationship with your pediatrician is vital for your child's healthcare journey. Here are some tips to foster a positive relationship:

Regular Visits: 

Schedule and attend regular check-ups, even when your child is healthy, to establish familiarity and comfort.

Open Communication: 

Be open and honest about your child's health concerns and provide relevant information to assist the pediatrician in making accurate diagnoses.

Ask Questions: 

Don't hesitate to ask questions or seek clarification about your child's health and any recommended treatments.

Follow Recommendations: 

Adhere to your pediatrician’s advice regarding vaccinations, medications, and lifestyle changes for the well-being of your child.


In conclusion, pediatricians play a crucial role in providing specialized medical care for children, adolescents, and young adults. Their expertise spans various areas, from infectious diseases to adolescent medicine, ensuring comprehensive healthcare for young patients. The child-centred approach adopted by pediatricians fosters a nurturing and supportive environment for children and their families. Remember, proactive healthcare management is essential for your child's growth and development. Don't hesitate to book an appointment today with our specialized doctors at Life Medical Centre by calling 043 44 1122. Your child's health and well-being are our top priorities.